Do you want to know what orthopedic physical therapy? This branch of physical therapy focuses on the problems of the musculoskeletal system (muscles, bones, ligaments or tendons). Physical therapy in this area deals with diagnosing, managing and treating injuries and conditions of the musculart and skeletal systems and rehabilitating after orthopedic operations, too. Orthopedic therapy workers function particularly in treating post operative joints, acute injuries due to sporting activities, arthritis and amputations. Some of the techniques and approaches involved in orthopedic physical therapy to make recovery faster, are strength training, hot/cold packs, joint mobilizations and electrical stimulation. An additional procedure recently used is sonography, especially in treatments like muscle retraining.
Orthopedic physical therapy is really important to restore the patients’ activity, strength and motion after injuries or surgery. Its importance is twofolded. One the one hand, orthopedic patients typically have deficiencies and weaknesses which can be eliminated or at least alleviated through certain targeted exercises and only a specialised physical therapist can show the patient and teach him/her the appropriate exercises designed to restore and improve functions or, at least minimize the conditions. Furthermore, orthopedic physical therapy workers, too, know about surgery, surgical procedures, the aims of treatments, the anatomy of the muscular and skeletal systems. As a result they are able to adapt and adjust their knowledge in the efforts to treat the patient.
There are a number of important things therapists can do in orthopedic physical therapy and there are many rehabilitation tools that they have on hand. Among these we should mention: stretching, strengthening (closed chain, proprioceptive, etc), ice and heat therapy, ultrasound, etc. Stretching is critical if a patient has stiff joint which can affect normal activities severely. Proper stretching exercise can help preserve such functions. To aid a patient in improving the function of his/her muscles, increasing endurance and maintaining or improving the range of motions strengthening exercises are used. Closed chain exercises are meant to help balance the strength of muscles whereas proprioceptive exercises help patients who lost the sense of knowing where a body part is in space due to a sprain for example, learn again how to control the position of the respective injured joint.
The ice and heat therapy warm up and cool off muscles and contribute to the stimulation of blood circulation and help decrease swellings, too. By using an ultrasound probe, deep tissues are stimulated and warmed while the blood flow will increase. Although there are numerous orthopedic conditions which can be solved without physical therapy, yet quite often very simple exercises may help expedite the healing process, not to mention the complicated situations in which a physical therapist especially trained for, is a must. So, if you are in such situation, do not hesitate to turn to orthopedic physical therapy.